Center on Sentencing and Corrections

Segregated Housing and Health

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The Impacts of Solitary Confinement

This brief by the Vera Institute of Justice provides an overview of the vast body of research on the harmful impacts of solitary confinement on incarcerated people, corrections staff, and the broader community.

Ramin Skibba, “Solitary Confinement Screws Up the Brains of Prisoners,” Newsweek, April 18, 2017,  This article published in Newsweek argues that solitary confinement harms the brain by analyzing studies done on isolated rodents. These studies find that over time, rats

Craig Haney, “Infamous punishment: The psychological effects of isolation,” National Prison Project Journal, 8, no. 2 (1993), 3-21  This journal article published by the National Prison Project confronts the inhumane conditions of solitary confinement in U.S. prisons and examines the psychological impacts of