This fact sheet explains how solitary is used as a broad catch-all to respond to a wide range of behaviors, including low-level and nonviolent ones, and to manage vulnerable populations. Violence is typically not the most common reason for segregation.
This brief by the Vera Institute of Justice provides an overview of the vast body of research on the harmful impacts of solitary confinement on incarcerated people, corrections staff, and the broader community.
“In this brief, the Campaign for Youth Justice and the National Association of Social Workers outline how black youth end up at the front door of adult courts through three state case studies of Oregon, Florida, and Missouri.”
American Friends Service Committee. Survivors Manual: How to Survive in Solitary Confinement. Newark, NJ, 2012. This is a manual written by and for people living in control units, which are prisons with the highest level of security. The manual includes letters
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Guidance Document on the Nelson Mandela Rules (Warsaw, Poland: OSCE, 2018). This document provides guidance for the implementation of minimum standards for the treatment of people in prison. It incorporates existing international legal and
The Vera Institute of Justice partnered with five prison and jail systems to assess and safely reduce their use of restrictive housing. This report presents highlights of Vera’s findings and recommendations for reform and provides updates on our partners’ progress.
This 2009 study from two researchers at Florida State University examines recidivism data from the Florida Department of Corrections.
This 2016 bibliography by the National Institute of Corrections is a list of resources about restrictive housing.
In October 2017, the executive director of the Colorado Department of Corrections, Rick Raemisch, contributed an op-ed to the New York Times describing how and why the state ended the practice of long term administrative segregation. By adopting alternatives to
Vera’s Safe Alternatives to Segregation Initiative partnered with five local and state corrections agencies to assess their policies and practices, analyze data, and provide recommendations for safely reducing the use of restrictive housing in their systems.