This report, created by ASCA and the Arthur Liman Public Interest Program, provides a thorough look at the use of restricted housing in U.S. states and documents both reforms to the practice and ways to reduce the restricted housing population.
This fact sheet explains how solitary is used as a broad catch-all to respond to a wide range of behaviors, including low-level and nonviolent ones, and to manage vulnerable populations. Violence is typically not the most common reason for segregation.
This factsheet from Solitary Watch highlights the psychological harms of restrictive housing and its failure to reduce violence in prisons.
This Polish Journal of Social Rehabilitation article provides an overview of the use of restrictive housing in U.S. prisons and current arguments in favor of and in opposition to its use.
This Journal of Prisoners on Prisons article provides a critique of changes to the disciplinary process in the Wisconsin Department of Corrections
This article details the rise and prevalence of disciplinary lockdown in New York state and the United States, including “keeplock,” Special Housing Units, and High-Tech Lockdown Facilities.
This Right on Crime report provides a brief history and overview of the current use of segregation in Louisiana.
This Crime Report article provides a firsthand account of segregation and presents alternatives to segregation to respond to disciplinary infractions.
This report from the Correctional Leaders Association and the Arthur Liman Center for Public Interest Law at Yale Law School provides a comprehensive analysis of national data on the use of restrictive housing in correctional facilities.
This journal article explores the rise of solitary confinement in the United States as a method of social control.
This journal article reflects on the federal judiciary’s acceptance of solitary confinement as a “normal” component of prisons.