Center on Sentencing and Corrections

Shifting Away from Solitary

Solitary Confinement Reforms by State, 1998-2014

Shifting Away from Solitary

Hager, Eli and Gerald Rich. “Shifting Away from Solitary Confinement.” The Marshall Project, December 23, 2014.


This article by The Marshall Project notes that more states enacted solitary confinement reforms in 2014 than in the previous 16 years. Graphics and a timeline provide an overview of solitary confinement reform measures—including legislation, legal settlements, and policy changes—that were implemented in the United States between 1998 and 2014.


Click here to view the article and timeline.


Keywords: state reforms, state-level reforms, state legislation, class-action lawsuits, lawsuit settlements, policy changes, outline of reforms, overview of reforms, Arizona, New Mexico, California, Colorado, New York, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Nebraska, Wisconsin, Illinois, Nevada, Oklahoma, Virginia, Alaska, Massachusetts, Mississippi, West Virginia, Connecticut, Maine, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)