Center on Sentencing and Corrections

Restrictive Housing in the U.S.

Issues, Challenges, and Future Directions

Restrictive Housing in the U.S.

National Institute of Justice. Restrictive Housing in the U.S.: Issues, Challenges, and Future Directions. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice 2016.


This report composed by the National Institute of Justice has papers from leading experts on many topics relating to restrictive housing. The report discusses administrative segregation and its functions, conditions of confinement, gang affiliation, inmate misconduct and institutional violence, mental health, research gaps in the field, the effect of administrative segregation on prison order, the effectiveness of segregation, and legal issues associated with isolation.

The information in the report is not new or empirical research. Instead, it is an amalgamation of many works from professionals in the field. The report stresses that additional research is imperative in order to develop evidence-based solutions to the issues facing the practice of restrictive housing.


Click here to read the report.


Keywords: restricted housing, segregation, isolation, mental illness, security threat group. STG, Federal Bureau of Prisons, disciplinary segregation, supermax, protective segregation, protective custody, disability, disabilities, deterrence, reentry