North Dakota Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
The North Dakota Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (NDDOCR) reduced their segregation population by implementing several reforms, including limiting infractions that made someone eligible for disciplinary segregation to violent incidents.
The goal of this policy change was to reduce intakes into disciplinary segregation.
Previously, NDDOCR had seen a drastic increase in its prison population, and use of restrictive housing had risen in response. However, the department saw no difference in institutional safety, and made efforts to reduce their reliance on administrative segregation.
On a trip put together by the US-European Criminal Justice Innovation Program, NDDOCR administrators visited correctional facilities in Norway and studied their alternatives to segregation. Inspired by the Norwegian model of trying to normalize life in prison as much as possible, and the research demonstrating the potential harmful impacts of segregation, NDDOCR officials set out to reform this practice in their system. These reforms began in 2015.
NDDOCR limited the behaviors that made someone eligible for time in restrictive housing.